EIN 11-6107128

Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

IRS 501(c) type
Num. employees
Year formed
Most recent tax filings
Environmental Defense Fund's mission is to preserve the natural systems on which all life depends. Guided by science and economics, we find practical and lasting solutions to the most serious environmental problems. To preserve the natural systems on ...
Also known as...
Environmental Defense Fund Incorporated

Program areas at EDF

Climate and Energy - EDF focuses on the largest and best opportunities to reduce emissions of climate pollutants such as carbon dioxide and methane. In 2019, EDF helped pass climate legislation in Colorado, worked with New Mexicos governor on a commitment to reduce climate pollution and helped develop policies to deploy more electric trucks and buses in California, New York and Texas. EDF also played a major role in working with the International Civil Aviation Organization on a system to cap carbon emissions from international flights beginning in 2021, the first global carbon market for an entire industry sector. And to reduce human-caused emissions of methane - which are responsible for more than 25% of today's global warming - EDF and Stanford University tested new methane sensors mounted on drones, trucks and planes, while EDFs affiliate MethaneSAT advanced plans to build and launch a satellite to measure methane pollution worldwide.
Oceans - To improve the health of the oceans and increase future supplies of seafood, EDF aims to reduce overfishing and achieve a dramatic recovery in fish populations. EDF promotes secure fishing rights to give fishermen a financial stake in conserving fish for the future, even as climate change is warming ocean waters, driving some species of fish toward the poles. In 2019, EDF worked with Chile and Peru to help those countries share information on fish stocks and develop an early warning system to predict climate impacts on fisheries. In Japan, lawmakers enacted the most significant reform of their fisheries laws in 70 years, incorporating EDF recommendations for greater reliance on science-based catch limits and to develop recovery plans for overfished stocks. And from the United States to Mexico to Indonesia, EDF began testing cameras, machine learning and low-cost sensors to monitor fishing more accurately and improve sustainability, as part of its Smart Boat Initiative.
Ecosystems - EDF develops ways to meet peoples needs for food, water and other natural resources while improving ecosystems. In 2019, EDF helped broker a landmark deal in which Arizona, California and Nevada agreed to share cuts in the use of Colorado River water during dry years. Congress approved the historic pact in April 2019. To improve soil health and reduce air and water pollution from fertilizer, EDF has forged partnerships with Tyson Foods, the largest U.S. meat producer, and the National Corn Growers Association, which represents more than 300,000 farmers. So far, these and other partnerships have delivered improved fertilizer management and soil health on more than 5 million acres. EDF also worked with farmers, ranchers and others to improve habitat for imperiled wildlife, including the monarch butterfly. In Louisiana, EDF is working with a coalition of nonprofits on a $50 billion state plan to rebuild coastal wetlands and help communities prepare for rising seas and stronger storms. Applying lessons from Louisiana, EDF is helping other coastal states from New York to Texas prepare for the future.

Form 990s for EDF

Fiscal year endingDate received by IRSFormPDF link
2019-092021-01-27990View PDF
2018-092019-09-14990View PDF
2017-092018-11-15990View PDF
2017-092018-11-15990View PDF
2016-092017-09-13990View PDF
...and 6 more Form 990s

Who funds Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

Grants from foundations and other nonprofits
Fidelity Investments Charitable Gift FundFor Grant Recipient's Exempt Purposes$18,769,189
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...and 529 more grants received
Federal funding details
Federal agencyProgram nameAmount
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...and 1 more federal grants / contracts

Grants made by EDF

GranteeGrant descriptionAmount
Environmental Defense Action Fund (EDF)Operations Support$3,799,008
 Subscribe to view█████ ████$9,999,999
 Subscribe to view██$999,999
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...and 114 more grants made

Financials for EDF

RevenuesFYE 09/2019
Total grants, contributions, etc.$181,701,428
Program services$0
Investment income and dividends$1,997,423
Tax-exempt bond proceeds$0
Royalty revenue$338
Net rental income$0
Net gain from sale of non-inventory assets$-56,937
Net income from fundraising events$0
Net income from gaming activities$0
Net income from sales of inventory$0
Miscellaneous revenues$1,997,469
Total revenues$185,639,721

Personnel at EDF

Robert YoungInterim Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Vice President Controller$202,696
William ObrienChief Financial Officer$84,098
Jay KnottExecutive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer
 Subscribe to viewChief of Staff
 Subscribe to viewExecutive Vice President, Chief Development Officer$415,936
...and 21 more key personnel

Organizations like EDF

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)Washington, DC$249,933,507
Ducks UnlimitedMemphis, TN$201,529,617
Tides CenterSan Francisco, CA$200,415,091
World Resources Institute (WRI)Washington, DC$159,318,068
National Audubon SocietyNew York, NY$140,724,390
National Trust for Historic PreservationWashington, DC$63,957,784
American Diabetes Association (ADA)Arlington, VA$146,766,492
Natural Resources Defense CouncilNew York, NY$181,821,968
Oxfam-AmericaBoston, MA$89,261,693
Conservation International (CI)Arlington, VA$140,400,903
Wildlife Conservation SocietyBronx, NY$263,863,758
Rocky Mountain InstituteBoulder, CO$53,502,081
Lutheran World ReliefBaltimore, MD$48,618,066
The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew)Philadelphia, PA$355,688,959
Pheasants Forever IncorporatedSt Paul, MN$62,741,195
Trout Unlimited (TU)Arlington, VA$53,649,485
Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceWashington, DC$51,263,416
National Wildlife FederationReston, VA$94,376,443
March of DimesArlington, VA$129,607,332
Golden Gate National Parks ConservancySan Francisco, CA$67,544,820
Resources Legacy FundSacramento, CA$46,839,654
Shedd AquariumChicago, IL$73,772,254
The Brookings InstitutionWashington, DC$103,852,338
Massachusetts Audubon SocietyLincoln, MA$48,480,848
International Justice MissionWashington, DC$74,093,647
Nonprofit Types
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General information
257 Park Avenue South
New York, NY 10010
Metro area
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Website URL
(212) 505-2100
Facebook page
Twitter profile
IRS details
Fiscal year end
Taxreturn type
Form 990
Year formed
Eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions (Pub 78)
NTEE code, primary
C32: Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation and Management
NAICS code, primary
813319: Social Advocacy Organizations
Parent/child status
Central organization